The pumping capabilities of nine unconditioned canine rectus abdominus muscles (93-163 gm) and six latissimus dorsi muscles (99-146 gm) were measured. The muscles were wrapped around a 100 ml ellipsoidal pouch in a mock circulatory system in which the afterload was 100 mmHg. Pouch diastolic pressure was kept low by an electrically controlled inlet valve to maximize muscle capillary blood flow. Immediately before tetanic contraction of the pouch-encircling muscle, the inlet valve opened for 450 msec to increase pouch pressure to 100 mmHg, thereby providing a high preload and ensuring a forceful muscle contraction. The motor nerves to the muscles were stimulated with 450 msec trains of 0.1 msec stimuli, using a frequency of 40/sec. The train rates (muscle contractions/min) were 10-50/min. In this circulatory model it was found that the maximum output for both muscle types occurred between 20 and 40 contractions/min. It was also found that for both muscle types, the maximum output (L/min) was dependent upon muscle weight. The data revealed that an output of 4 ml/min was obtained per gram of muscle. The power (mW/gm) developed was related to the output (L) in L/min. For the rectus muscle W = 0.47L, and for the latissimus muscle W = 0.41L mW/gm. Pumping periods lasted approximately 4 hours, with no evidence of fatigue. When viewed as a potential cardiac assist device, the muscles were able to provide a flow equivalent to approximately 25% of the cardiac output. However, it is important to note that the pumping capability is directly related to muscle weight, indicating that a higher output can be achieved with a larger muscle.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Oct 1991|