Quantitative preoperative patient assessments are related to survival and procedure outcome for osseous metastases

Meredith K. Bartelstein, Jonathan A. Forsberg, Jessica A. Lavery, Mohamed A. Yakoub, Samuel Akhnoukh, Patrick J. Boland, Nicola Fabbri, John H. Healey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Aims: Our objective was to determine if preoperative patient-reported assessments are associated with survival after surgery for stabilization of skeletal metastases. Patients and Methods: All patients with metastatic cancer to bone and indications for skeletal stabilization surgery were approached to participate in a prospective cohort study at a tertiary care center from 2012 to 2017. Of the 208 patients who were eligible, 195 (94%) completed the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) preoperatively and underwent surgical treatment of skeletal metastases with complete or impending fractures; the sample encompassed a range of cancer diagnoses and included cases of both internal fixation and endoprosthetic replacement. Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify associations between SF-36 scores and survival. Results: In a model adjusted for clinical factors, patients’ mental and physical SF-36 component summary scores were significantly associated with survival, as was their SF-36 composite score (P = 0.004, P = 0.015, and P < 0.001, respectively). Scores in the general health, vitality, and mental health domains were each strongly associated with survival (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Patients’ preoperative assessments of their health status are associated with their survival after surgery for skeletal metastases. Patient-reported assessments have the potential to contribute unique information to models that estimate patient survival, as part of efforts to provide optimal, individualized care and make informed decisions about the type and magnitude of surgery for metastatic bone disease that will last the patient's lifetime.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100433
JournalJournal of Bone Oncology
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Quality of life
  • SF-36
  • Skeletal metastases
  • Skeletal stabilization
  • Survival


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