Randomized, double-blind evaluation of late boost strategies for HIV-uninfected vaccine recipients in the RV144 HIV vaccine efficacy trial

RV305 Study Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. The RV144 ALVAC-HIV prime, AIDSVAX B/E boost afforded 60% efficacy against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition at 1 year, waning to 31.2% after 3.5 years. We hypothesized that additional vaccinations might augment immune correlates of protection. Methods. In a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study of 162 HIV-negative RV144 vaccine recipients, we evaluated 2 additional boosts, given 6–8 years since RV144 vaccination, for safety and immunogenicity, at weeks 0 and 24. Study groups 1–3 received ALVAC-HIV+AIDSVAX B/E, AIDSVAX B/E, and ALVAC-HIV, respectively, or placebo. Results. Vaccines were well tolerated. For groups 1 and 2, plasma immunoglobulin (Ig) G, IgA, and neutralizing antibody responses at week 2 were all significantly higher than 2 weeks after the last RV144 vaccination. IgG titers against glycoprotein (gp) 70V1V2 92TH023 increased 14-fold compared with 2 weeks after the last RV144 vaccination (14 069 vs 999; P < .001). Groups 1 and 2 did not differ significantly from each other, whereas group 3 was similar to placebo recipients. Responses in groups 1 and 2 declined by week 24 but were boosted by the second vaccination, albeit at lower magnitude than for week 2. Conclusions. In RV144 vaccinees, AIDSVAX B/E with or without ALVAC-HIV 6–8 years after initial vaccination generated higher humoral responses than after RV144, but these responses were short-lived, and their magnitude did not increase with subsequent boost. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT01435135.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1255-1263
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume215
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Prime-boost
  • RV144
  • Vaccine

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