Rapid induction of IgE responses to a worm cysteine protease during murine pre-patent schistosome infection

Lucia A. de Oliveira Fraga, Erika W. Lamb, Elizabeth C. Moreno, Mitali Chatterjee, Jan Dvořák, Melaine Delcroix, Mohammed Sajid, Conor R. Caffrey, Stephen J. Davies*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: During the pre-patent stage of infection, juvenile Schistosoma blood flukes co-opt signals from the adaptive immune system to facilitate parasite development, but the types of responses that are induced at this early stage of infection, and the parasite antigens they target, have not been characterized.Results: Through analysis of experimental pre-patent infections, we show that the S. mansoni cysteine protease SmCB1 is rapidly targeted by an antigen-specific IgE response. The induction of this response is independent of schistosome eggs as infection with male or female worms alone also induced SmCB1-specific IgE. We also show that the SmCB1-specific IgE response is dependent on cognate CD4+ T cell help and IL-4, suggesting that pre-patent Th2 responses provide T cell help for the SmCB1-specific IgE response. Finally, exposed human subjects also produced IgE against SmCB1.Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that, like eggs, schistosome worms also induce functional type 2 responses and that a parasite cysteine protease is an inducer of type 2 responses during the early stages of schistosome infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number56
JournalBMC Immunology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Rapid induction of IgE responses to a worm cysteine protease during murine pre-patent schistosome infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this