Reducing alcohol consumption to minimize weight gain and facilitate smoking cessation among military beneficiaries

Mark B Sobell, Alan L Peterson, Linda Carter Sobell, Antoinette Brundige, Christopher M Hunter, Christine M Hunter, Jeffrey L Goodie, Sangeeta Agrawal, Ann S Hrysko-Mullen, William C Isler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


INTRODUCTION: Smoking cessation-related weight gain can have significant negative health and career consequences for military personnel. Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation may decrease weight gain and relapse.

METHOD: A randomized clinical trial of military beneficiaries compared a standard smoking cessation (i.e., brief informational) intervention (N=159), with a brief motivational smoking cessation intervention that emphasized reduced drinking to lessen caloric intake and minimize weight gain (N=158).

RESULTS: Participants who received the motivational intervention were significantly more likely to quit smoking at the 3-month follow-up (p=0.02), but the differences were not maintained at 6 (p=0.18) or 12months (p=0.16). Neither weight change nor alcohol reduction distinguished the 2 groups. Smoking cessation rates at 12months (motivational group=32.91%, informational group=25.79%) were comparable to previous studies, but successful cessation was not mediated by reduced drinking.

CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol reduction combined with smoking cessation did not result in decreased weight gain or improved outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-151
Number of pages7
JournalAddictive Behaviors
StatePublished - Dec 2017


  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking/prevention & control
  • Bupropion/therapeutic use
  • Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Military Personnel
  • Motivational Interviewing/methods
  • Smoking/therapy
  • Smoking Cessation/methods
  • Tobacco Use Cessation Devices
  • Weight Gain
  • Young Adult


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