This study evaluated the relationships between depression trajectories, depression diagnosis and sexual risk behaviors in the US Military HIV Natural History Study. Risk behavior survey data, a coded diagnosis of depression, available Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression measures, and self-reported depressive symptoms (n = 662) were utilized. Latent class analysis created 3 classes of depression trajectories, namely, low depression (LD, n = 378), recent-onset depression (ROD, n = 170), and high depression (HD, n = 114) trajectories. Overall, participants with clinically diagnosed depression were less likely to report often using condoms with new sexual partners in the past 3 months than those who have never been diagnosed with depression (OR 0.15, 95% CI 0.49–2.53). Participants with ROD (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.28–0.97) and HD (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.24–0.96) trajectories were less likely to report often using condoms with new sexual partners in the past 3 months than those with LD trajectories. Moreover, those with either ROD (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.19–3.80) or HD (OR 2.74, 95% CI 1.43–5.24) trajectories were more likely to have had sex with ≥2 new sexual partners in the last 3 months than those with LD trajectories. Continued efforts targeting HIV-infected persons with mental health disorders are warranted to reduce sexual risk behaviors.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV|
|State||Published - 2 Sep 2019|
- risk behavior
- sexual risk