Remote patient monitoring to facilitate same-day discharge after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: a pilot evaluation

Timothy J. Schaffner*, Matt Wilkes, Robert Laverty, Stephen D. Schwab, Nicole Zahradka, Juliana Pugmire, Dan Yourk, Pamela C. Masella, Robert Walter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Limited hospital inpatient capacity, exacerbated by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) and associated staffing shortages, has driven interest in converting surgeries historically done as inpatient procedures to same-day surgeries (SDS). Remote patient monitoring (RPM) has the potential to increase safety and confidence in SDS but has had mixed success in a bariatric population. Objectives: Assess the feasibility of and adherence to a protocol offering patients same-day laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) supported by RPM with an updated wearable device. Secondary outcomes were readmissions, costs, adherence, and clinical alarm rates. Setting: Academic, military tertiary referral center (United States). Methods: A single-center, retrospective case control study of patients undergoing SG, comparing SDS with RPM to patients admitted to the hospital for SG during this time. Patients for SDS were selected by set inclusion/exclusion criteria and patient/surgeon preference, and perioperative management was standardized. Results: Twenty patients were enrolled in the SDS group, then compared with 53 inpatients. Inpatients were older (46 versus 39, P = .006), but with no significant differences in sex, preoperative body mass index, or co-morbidities. RPM wearable and blood pressure adherence was found to be 97% and 80%, respectively. Readmission rates were similar (10% versus 7.5%, P > .05). RPM alarm rates were .5 (0–1.3) per patient for each 24-hour home monitoring period. SDS patients also demonstrated the potential for cost savings over inpatient SG, depending on the number of patients monitored per day as well as the healthcare setting. Conclusions: SG as SDS with RPM was a feasible approach. It should be evaluated in other surgical procedures and higher-risk patient populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1074
Number of pages8
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume19
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Cost savings
  • Delivery of healthcare
  • Digital divide
  • Telehealth

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