Repurposing existing products to accelerate injury recovery (REPAIR) of military relevant musculoskeletal conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Musculoskeletal injuries (MSKIs) are a great hindrance to the readiness of the United States Armed Forces through lost duty time and reduced operational capabilities. While most musculoskeletal injuries result in return-to-duty/activity with no (functional) limitations, the healing process is often long. Long healing times coupled with the high frequency of musculoskeletal injuries make them a primary cause of lost/limited duty days. Thus, there exists an urgent, clinically unmet need for interventions to expedite tissue healing kinetics following musculoskeletal injuries to lessen their impact on military readiness and society as a whole. There exist several treatments with regulatory approval for other indications that have pro-regenerative/healing properties, but few have an approved indication for treating musculoskeletal injuries. With the immediate need for treatment options for musculoskeletal injuries, we propose a paradigm of Repurposing Existing Products to Accelerate Injury Recovery (REPAIR). Developing treatments via repurposing existing therapeutics for other indications has shown monumental advantages in both cost effectiveness and reduced time to bring to market compared to novel candidates. Thus, undertaking the needed research efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of promising REPAIR-themed candidates has the potential to enable near-term solutions for optimizing musculoskeletal injuries recovery, thereby addressing a top priority within the United States. Armed Forces. Herein, the REPAIR paradigm is presented, including example targets of opportunity as well as practical considerations for potential technical solutions for the translation of existing therapeutics into clinical practice for musculoskeletal injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1105599
JournalFrontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
StatePublished - 9 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • drug development
  • military personnel
  • musculoskeletal diseases
  • trauma
  • wound healing


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