Respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis in children

Dustin Smith*, Sajeewane Seales, Carol Budzik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of this infection. RSV is transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets either directly from an infected person or self-inoculation by contaminated secretions on surfaces. Patients with RSV bronchiolitis usually present with two to four days of upper respiratory tract symptoms such as fever, rhinorrhea, and congestion, followed by lower respiratory tract symptoms such as increasing cough, wheezing, and increased respiratory effort. In 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics updated its clinical practice guideline for diagnosis and management of RSV bronchiolitis to minimize unnecessary diagnostic testing and interventions. Bronchiolitis remains a clinical diagnosis, and diagnostic testing is not routinely recommended. Treatment of RSV infection is mainly …
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)94-99
JournalAmerican Family Physician
Issue number2
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2017


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