Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta in Hemodynamically Unstable Patients With Pelvic Ring Injuries

Lucas S. Marchand*, Aresh Sepehri, Zachary D. Hannan, Raza Zaidi, Joseph J. DuBose, Jonathan J. Morrison, Robert V. O'Toole, Gerard M. Slobogean

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of patients with pelvic ring injuries managed with resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA). Design: Retrospective case series. Setting: Academic, Level 1 trauma center in North America. Patients: Twenty-five patients with disruption of the pelvic ring and hemodynamic instability. Intervention: Placement of a REBOA device as an adjuvant treatment to trauma resuscitation. Main Outcome Measure: Death and ischemic-related complications. Results: The average age of patients was 43 years (range: 17-85). Patients presented with a median lactate of 6.3 mmol/L, systolic blood pressure of 116 mm Hg, heart rate of 121 beats/minute, and injury severity score of 34. The median unit of packed red blood cells received through transfusion in the first 24 hours of hospital admission was 13 (interquartile range: 8-28). Young-Burgess injury patterns included fractures of the following types: 5 lateral compression (LC)-1, 1 LC-2, 8 LC-3, 4 anteroposterior compression-2, and 7 anteroposterior compression-3. Angiography and embolization were performed in 24 (96%) patients. Selective embolization occurred in 18 (72%) patients, with nonselective angiography of the iliac system occurring in 7 (24%) patients. There were 12 (48%) deaths, 7 (28%) patients requiring lower extremity fasciotomy, and 5 (20%) patients requiring lower extremity amputations, and there was 1 (4%) patient requiring thrombectomy. Conclusions: REBOA use in pelvic ring injuries is rare and most frequently used in critically ill patients with polytrauma. Successful pelvic embolization can occur in concert with REBOA use; however, the severity of injury is associated with a high complication profile. In this series of 25 patients, in-hospital mortality was 48%. For those patients who survived, 54% experienced a major complication (fasciotomy, amputation, and deep infection). Further investigation is required to evaluate the role REBOA may play in managing these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-79
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hemodynamic instability
  • Pelvic ring injury
  • REBOA

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