Risk Factors for Survival Following Surgical Treatment of Traumatic Aortic Rupture

James T. Sturm*, Timothy R. Billiar, James S. Dorsey, Michael G. Luxenberg, John F. Perry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Linear discriminate analysis was used to determine the effects of age and Injury Severity Score on survival in 37 consecutive patients treated surgically for traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta. Pearson product moment correlations were calculated between associated injuries and survival. The age of the injured patients was the only variable that correlated statistically with survival: the lower the patient's age, the greater the chance of survival (r = 0.3535; p = 0.016). The severity of the injury, as represented by the Injury Severity Score, showed a tendency toward decreased survival with increasing Injury Severity Score (r = −0.2523; p = 0.066). Specific types of associated injuries did not correlate with survival. Survival rates were not statistically different for patients who underwent cardiopulmonary bypass compared with those in whom a temporary plastic shunt was used (chi-square = 1.72; p = 0.19). We conclude that age is the most significant factor in predicting survival in patients who undergo surgical repair of traumatic aortic rupture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)418-421
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes


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