Hypertension is frequently associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, but the mechanism of the hypertension is unknown. An animal model of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus hypertension could be helpful in determining the mechanism, but experimental insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus has been infrequently and irregularly associated with hypertension. In an attempt to develop a dependable model of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus hypertension, we studied seven series of rats receiving either streptozotocin, surgical reduction of renal mass, or both. We found that superimposing streptozotocin 65 mg/kg body weight on 25% reduced renal mass regularly produced insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and low-renin volume- expanded hypertension and that the animals remained healthy and hypertensive for as long as followed (13 weeks). Microalbuminuria correlated temporally with blood pressure. We used this dependable model to examine the role of endogenous digitalis-like substance in the development of hypertension in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Plasma levels of digoxin-like immunoreactive factor (DIF), determined with a digoxin radioimmunoassay, were significantly higher in these hypertensive rats than in normotensive control rats (two-kidney diabetic rats, 25% reduced renal mass rats receiving vehicle for streptozotocin). This increase in plasma DIF was associated with a decrease in NA+,K+-ATPase activity in microsomes prepared from left or right ventricle. Microsomal 5'-nucleotidase, a plasma membrane marker, was unchanged. The plasma DIF level correlated inversely with myocardial Na+,K+-ATPase activity and positively with systolic blood pressure. These results suggest that the endogenous digitalis-like substance, by inhibiting cardiovascular muscle cell Na+-K+-pump activity, may play a role in the genesis of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus hypertension.
- Diabetes mellitus
- Diabetes mellitus hypertension
- Endogenous digitalis-like substance
- Reduced renal mass