Safety and Immunogenicity of an Accelerated Ebola Vaccination Schedule in People with and without Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Julie A. Ake*, Kristopher Paolino, Jack N. Hutter, Susan Biggs Cicatelli, Leigh Anne Eller, Michael A. Eller, Margaret C. Costanzo, Dominic Paquin-Proulx, Merlin L. Robb, Chi L. Tran, Lalaine Anova, Linda L. Jagodzinski, Lucy A. Ward, Nicole Kilgore, Janice Rusnak, Callie Bounds, Christopher S. Badorrek, Jay W. Hooper, Steven A. Kwilas, Ine IlsbrouxDickson Nkafu Anumendem, Auguste Gaddah, Georgi Shukarev, Viki Bockstal, Kerstin Luhn, Macaya Douoguih, Cynthia Robinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The safety and immunogenicity of the two-dose Ebola vaccine regimen MVA-BN-Filo, Ad26.ZEBOV, 14 days apart, was evaluated in people without HIV (PWOH) and living with HIV (PLWH). In this observer-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial, healthy adults were randomized (4:1) to receive MVA-BN-Filo (dose 1) and Ad26.ZEBOV (dose 2), or two doses of saline/placebo, administered intramuscularly 14 days apart. The primary endpoints were safety (adverse events (AEs)) and immunogenicity (Ebola virus (EBOV) glycoprotein-specific binding antibody responses). Among 75 participants (n = 50 PWOH; n = 25 PLWH), 37% were female, the mean age was 44 years, and 56% were Black/African American. AEs were generally mild/moderate, with no vaccine-related serious AEs. At 21 days post-dose 2, EBOV glycoprotein-specific binding antibody responder rates were 100% among PWOH and 95% among PLWH; geometric mean antibody concentrations were 6286 EU/mL (n = 36) and 2005 EU/mL (n = 19), respectively. A total of 45 neutralizing and other functional antibody responses were frequently observed. Ebola-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses were polyfunctional and durable to at least 12 months post-dose 2. The regimen was well tolerated and generated robust, durable immune responses in PWOH and PLWH. Findings support continued evaluation of accelerated vaccine schedules for rapid deployment in populations at immediate risk. Trial registration: NCT02598388 (submitted 14 November 2015).

Original languageEnglish
Article number497
JournalVaccines
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ebola virus
  • immunogenicity
  • vaccine safety

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