Sexual functioning among testicular cancer survivors: A case-control study in the U.S.

Christopher Kim, Katherine A. McGlynn, Ruth McCorkle, Yonghong Li, Ralph L. Erickson, Shuangge Ma, David W. Niebuhr, Guangsheng Zhang, Yaqun Zhang*, Yana Bai, Li Dai, Barry I. Graubard, Tongzhang Zheng, Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy, Kathryn H. Barry, Yawei Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Objective: Sexual function among testicular cancer survivors is a concern because affected men are of reproductive age when diagnosed. We conducted a case-control study among United States military men to examine whether testicular cancer survivors experienced impaired sexual function. Methods: A total of 246 testicular cancer cases and 236 ethnicity and age matched controls were enrolled in the study in 2008-2009. The Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory (BMSFI) was used to assess sexual function. Results: Compared to controls, cases scored significantly lower on sex drive (5.77 vs. 5.18), erection (9.40 vs. 8.63), ejaculation (10.83 vs. 9.90), and problem assessment (10.55 vs. 9.54). Cases were significantly more likely to have impaired erection (OR 1.72; 95% CI 1.11-2.64), ejaculation (OR 2.27; 95% CI 1.32-3.91), and problem assessment (OR 2.36; 95% CI 1.43-3.90). In histology and treatment analysis, nonseminoma, chemotherapy and radiation treated cases risk of erectile dysfunction, delayed ejaculation, and/or problem assessment were greater when compared to controls. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that testicular cancer survivors are more likely to have impaired sexual functioning compared to demographically matched controls. The observed impaired sexual functioning appeared to vary by treatment regimen and histologic subtype.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)68-73
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Military men
  • Sexual function
  • Testicular cancer


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