Short-term outcomes and long-term impact of a programme in medical education for medical students

Pamela B. Andreatta, Miranda L. Hillard, Margaret Ann Murphy, Larry D. Gruppen, Patricia B. Mullan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Objectives: There is growing appreciation of the value of early preparation of future medical educators. Staff development programmes, conferences and workshops pertaining to the training of educators may be crucial to the pursuit of a school's larger educational mission to educate students, doctors and scholars and to provide comprehensive knowledge, research, patient care and service. This study examined the efficacy of a 1-week educational intervention aimed at preparing medical students to become effective doctor educators by building skills early in their careers. The study asked whether participation in a 5-day teacher training programme led to increased knowledge of instructional methods, more favourable attitudes towards teaching, and the integration of structured instructional design methods in a student-developed teaching project. Methods: A mixed methods research design was employed with quantitative data captured through pre- and post-test inventories, qualitative components captured through written comments, and a 2-year post-intervention survey. Quantitative analyses included pre-/post-intervention repeated measures with calculated effect sizes. Qualitative analysis was conducted using constant comparative methods. Results: Subjects demonstrated improved content knowledge and more positive attitudes towards motivation, teaching confidence, teacher roles, varied pedagogy, and use of assessment, instructional planning, and evaluation. Subjects were able to incorporate the programme's teaching theory and methods into their teaching projects and assessment of peers' and others' teaching in their own institutions 2 years post-training. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that a well-designed programme for teacher preparation can be pedagogically effective for training medical students to become better educators and that this learning can be incorporated into long-term practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-267
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Education
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2009


  • *Attitude of health personnel
  • *Education, medical, undergraduate
  • *Students, medical
  • *Teaching
  • Michigan
  • Motivation
  • Professional competence/ *standards
  • Professional role


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