Infection is a significant risk factor for failed healing of bone and other tissues. We have developed a sol-gel (solution-gelation) derived bioactive glass doped with silver ions (Ag-BG), tailored to provide non-cytotoxic antibacterial activity while significantly enhancing osteoblast-lineage cell growth in vitro and bone regeneration in vivo. Our objective was to engineer a biomaterial that combats bacterial infection while maintaining the capability to promote bone growth. We observed that Ag-BG inhibits bacterial growth and potentiates the efficacy of conventional antibiotic treatment. Ag-BG microparticles enhance cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSC) in vitro. Moreover, in vivo tests using a calvarial defect model in mice demonstrated that Ag-BG microparticles induce bone regeneration. This novel system with dual biological and advanced antibacterial properties is a promising therapeutic for combating resistant bacteria while triggering new bone formation.
- Calvarial bone growth
- Cell differentiation
- Cell viability
- Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
- Silver doped bioactive glass
- Synergistic antibacterial properties