Purpose: A body mass index (BMI) ' 35 kg/m2 is a relative contraindication to heart transplantation in patients with end-stage heart failure. Bariatric surgery can be considered either concomitantly with continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) placement, or staged after CF-LVAD has been placed. We sought to evaluate the outcomes of these approaches. Materials and Methods: An electronic search was performed to identify all relevant studies. After assessment for inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight studies were pooled for systematic review and metaanalysis. Results: Overall, of 59 patients, 22 (37%) underwent simultaneous sleeve gastrectomy with CF-LVAD implantation while 37 (63%) underwent staged sleeve gastrectomy after CF-LVAD. The mean age of patients was 46 years (95% CI: 39–53) with 40% females. Mean BMI at most recent follow-up (33.4 kg/m2, 95% CI: 30.2–36.6) was significantly lower compared with mean preoperative BMI (46.7 kg/m2, 95% CI: 42.9–50.6) (p ' 0.01). There was no significant difference in total incidence of postoperative complications (simultaneous, 16% (95% CI: 1–87%) versus staged, 23% (95% CI: 7–53%)) or in overall survival (simultaneous, 93% (95% CI: 72–99%) versus staged, 79% (95% CI: 60–90%), p = 0.17) for average follow-up time of 12.7 months. Bariatric surgery resulted in 66% of patients (95% CI: 51–79) to be listed for heart transplantation, including 33% (95% CI: 22–47) who were transplanted. Conclusions: Both simultaneous and staged bariatric surgeries with CF-LVAD placement have comparable outcomes and significantly reduce BMI. This can allow previously ineligible patients to undergo heart transplantation.
- Bariatric surgery
- Bridge to transplantation
- Left ventricular assist device