Small intestinal submucosa: Utilization for repair of rodent abdominal wall defects

C. D. Prevel*, B. L. Eppley, D. J. Summerlin, J. R. Jackson, M. McCarty, S. F. Badylak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

Prosthetic graft material is often used for the repair of abdominal wall defects that result from trauma, infection, neoplastic, or congenital deformities. A new material, porcine small intestinal submucosa, has been successfully used as an arterial and venous graft material in both canine and primate animal models with graft patency and infection rates equal to autologous vein. On the basis of these studies, small intestinal submucosa was used as a graft material for the repair of a 2 x 2-cm full-thickness defect of the muscle and fascia in the rodent abdominal wall (N = 11). Two animals were euthanized at 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 2 months, and 3 months. At the time of euthanization, no abdominal hernias were noted and only minimal intra-abdominal adhesions were observed. One animal died on postoperative day 5 as a result of a wound dehiscence. Histological analysis of the excised abdominal wall hernia repairs revealed moderate initial inflammation but with incorporation of small intestinal submucosa with minimal inflammation at 2 months. No evidence of graft-versus-host rejection was noted with hematoxylin and eosin stains and light microscopy. Porcine small intestinal submucosa merits further study as a graft material for abdominal wall replacement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-380
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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