Soldiers returning from deployment: A qualitative study regarding exposure, coping, and reintegration

Lisa A. Brenner*, Lisa M. Betthauser, Nazanin Bahraini, Jaimie L. Lusk, Heidi Terrio, Ann I. Scher, Karen A. Schwab

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Purpose/Objective: The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore exposure to deploymentrelated physical and/or emotional trauma and associated symptoms among Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) soldiers. Interviews also focused on in-theater-and reintegrationrelated experiences. Research Method/Design: OEF/OIF soldiers (N = 103) participated in semistructured interviews, and a qualitative descriptive methodology was used to analyze the data. Results: Themes were identified regarding (a) common experiences related to emotional and physical traumas and associated symptoms and strategies for coping and making meaning of experiences and (b) how combat and reintegration experiences affected soldiers' senses of self, relationships with others, and functioning. Conclusions/Implications: Themes identified support a rethinking of deployment-related mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder as discrete conditions. Dimensional versus categorical models should be considered. The findings also highlight experiences and potentially meaningful constructs (e.g., moral injury, moral repair) that can be used to inform research and clinical efforts aimed at improving the lives of those who have served.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-285
Number of pages9
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Military
  • Operation enduring freedom/operation iraqi freedom (OEF/OIF)
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Qualitative
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI)


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