Many real-world auditory scenes are dynamic and complex, with multiple sounds that may change location over time. In this experiment, we examined the ability of listeners to localize a spatially-consistent target sound in a dynamic, spatially-varying auditory scene. The target and masker stimuli were composed of sequences of 60-ms bursts of uncorrelated noise (2 to 16 bursts in duration) and differed only in their degree of spatial consistency. Specifically, each target burst within a sequence came from the same spatial location (which varied from trial to trial), whereas each masker burst within a sequence came from a different, randomly chosen spatial location. The listener's task was to localize the spatially-consistent sequence. Localization errors decreased by approximately 11° with each doubling of the sequence duration, and approached quiet performance with 16-burst sequences. Adding a second masker increased localization errors by approximately 14° overall. These results suggest that spatial information can be combined across multiple observations over time to identify and localize a spatially-consistent target in a dynamic auditory scene. These data will be discussed in terms of the information obtained from each burst and the manner in which the information is combined across bursts.
|Journal||Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics|
|State||Published - 2013|
|Event||21st International Congress on Acoustics, ICA 2013 - 165th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America - Montreal, QC, Canada|
Duration: 2 Jun 2013 → 7 Jun 2013