Spray-dried plasma deficient in high-molecular-weight multimers of von Willebrand factor retains hemostatic properties

Michael Adam Meledeo*, Qiyong Peter Liu, Grantham C. Peltier, Ryan C. Carney, Colby S. McIntosh, Ashley S. Taylor, James A. Bynum, Anthony E. Pusateri, Andrew P. Cap

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Dried plasmas can overcome logistical barriers that prevent fresh frozen plasma (FFP) usage in acute resuscitation, but processing of these products can detrimentally alter the composition. Spray-dried plasma (SpDP) from single units is deficient in high-molecular-weight multimers of von Willebrand factor (vWF), a critical facilitator of platelet adhesion and thrombus formation. We hypothesized that converting high-molecular-weight multimers to smaller-molecular-weight multimers would retain vWF's capacity to mediate platelet adhesion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: SpDP obtained from untreated FFP was reconstituted with glycine-hydrochloric acid (HCl) and glycine (20 mM:50 mM) or pretreated with glycine-HCl (20 mM) or glycine–glycine-HCl (20 mM:50 mM) and reconstituted with water. In vitro hemostatic potential of SpDPs versus FFP or FFP spiked with 70 mM of glycine was evaluated, leading to a more detailed in vitro study of glycine-HCl–glycine (20 mM:50 mM) pretreated SpDP. Plasmas were combined with RBCs and platelets to observe global coagulation response. RESULTS: While vWF–ristocetin cofactor activity is significantly decreased (−41.13%; p <.0001) in SpDP, a model of vWF-mediated platelet adhesion to collagen under flow showed enhanced function (+13%; p <.01). Fewer microparticles, particularly of platelet origin, were observed in SpDP versus FFP (p <.0001). Small but significant differences in thromboelastography results were observed, although SpDP and FFP were within normal ranges. CONCLUSION: Comparable coagulability was observed in FFP and SpDP. The apparent paradox between vWF–ristocetin cofactor assay and vWF-mediated platelet adhesion may be explained by the increase in smaller multimers of vWF in SpDP, producing different outcomes in these assays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-722
Number of pages9
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes


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