SR450 and Superhawk XP applications of bacillus thuringiensis israelensis against culex quinquefasciatus

James C. Dunford, Craig A. Stoops, Alden S. Estep, Seth C. Britch, Alec G. Richardson, Todd W. Walker, Muhammad Farooq, David F. Hoel, Raymond R. Platt, Vincent L. Smith, Robert A. Wirtz, Jerry D. Kerce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Sprayer comparisons and larval morality assays were conducted following SR450 backpack mist blower and Superhawk XP thermal fogger applications of Vectobac® WDG Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) against Culex quinquefasciatus. Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis was applied at maximum label rate in a 232.26-m2 field plot located in north-central Florida with containers placed at 2 heights (ground level and 1.52 m above ground) on stakes positioned 3.04, 6.09, 9.14, 12.19, and 15.24 m from the spray line. Results indicated that there was no significant (P > 0.05) difference in 24- and 48-h larval mortality between the 2 sprayers or between the 2 heights. There was significant difference (P < 0.05) among the 5 rows, with mortality continuously decreasing with increasing distance from sprayer. Both sprayers provided on average >70% larval mortality 3.04-9.14 m from the spray line, and <60% mortality at 12.19 and 15.24 m. The data suggest that the SR450 and Superhawk XP may be comparable sprayers for use with Bti to control mosquito larvae.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Larval control
  • backpack sprayer
  • container-inhabiting
  • thermal fogger


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