Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infections: Clinical characteristics in a military trauma population


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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a pathogen with unique resistance patterns. We assessed 70 combat casualties with S. maltophilia clinical isolates to examine its role as a nosocomial pathogen in critically-ill trauma patients. Incidence density was 0.36 S. maltophilia infections per 100 patient-days (95% CI: 0.29–0.44). Patients predominantly had blast trauma (97%) and were critically injured (injury severity score [ISS] >25; 80%). Restricting to patients with ISS >15, 50 patients with S. maltophilia infections were compared to 441 patients with infections attributed to other gram-negative bacilli. Patients with S. maltophilia infections had significantly more operating room visits prior to isolation, traumatic or early surgical amputations, longer hospitalization (median 71 vs 47 days), and higher overall mortality (10% vs 2%; P = 0.01). Initial and serial (≥7 days between initial and subsequent isolation) S. maltophilia isolates had high susceptibility to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and minocycline. Evaluation of newer agents awaiting CLSI breakpoints, including moxifloxacin, showed promising results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114953
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • Combat-related infections
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
  • Trauma-related infections
  • Wound infections


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