Combining HSCT with SOT is an unusual and challenging undertaking given the complexities of immune modulation, the need to balance comorbidities, and the cumulative potential for complications. Early life-threatening complications include infections and related effects, graft rejection, and GVHD can be expected to be increased especially if the HSCT is indicated for high-risk cases such as individuals with severe combined immune deficiency and SOT that includes an intestine graft. Herein, we report such a case. Our patient is unique as a long-term survivor. We review the literature and the features of our case, especially the timing of transplants and human leukocyte antigen matching for HSCT that resulted in a successful outcome and discuss how this may be applied to others in the future.
- graft-vs-host disease
- hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
- severe combined immune deficiency
- small bowel transplantation