Successful Use of Nellix and Endovascular Aortic Sealing Technology for Treatment of Aortic Rupture in a Porcine Model

Brandon W. Propper*, Shaun Gifford, Sean Hislop, Michael Clemens, Zachary M. Arthurs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background Endovascular aortic sealing (EVAS) represents a recent transformation in approach for treatment of aortic aneurysms. Initial reporting has shown that EVAS using the Nellix device is safe with similar complication rates to standard endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). What remains unknown is how EVAS technology will behave in the ruptured setting. The purpose of this report is to discuss how EVAS system and endobag technology behave when deployed in a porcine model of aortic rupture. Methods A controlled left retroperitoneal rupture was created in 20 large swine. Following rupture, an EVAS system was deployed across the rupture site to seal the area. The primary end point was seal from ongoing hemorrhage. Other parameters were examined to include endobag extravasation, aortic wall pressure measurements and device behavior in a live tissue model. Results Of the EVAS systems used, 15 Nellix (Endologix, Irvine, CA) devices and 5 novel EVAS systems were used. Of the correctly deployed devices, 100% sealed the rupture (n = 19). One device was deployed above the rupture site, and seal was not achieved secondary to malpositioning. Endobag extravasation was seen with an average protrusion of 7.7 mm. No other areas of aortic injury were noted secondary to endobag trauma. Pressure recording from behind the endobag indicates loss of pulsatile flow to the aortic wall with polymer curing. Conclusions Endovascular aortic sealing for rupture is feasible and performs well in a porcine model of aortic rupture. Polymer extravasation is seen and may be controllable by the implanter. Once the polymer has cured, pulsatile aortic wall pressure is no longer present. EVAS represents an emerging technology for treatment of aortic rupture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
StatePublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes


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