Superior Mesenteric Artery and Vein Injuries: Operative Strategies and Outcomes

Patrick D. Melmer, Brant Clatterbuck, Virginia Parker, Christine A. Castater, Nathan J. Klingensmith, Christopher R. Ramos, Stephanie Busby, Stuart D. Hurst, Deepika Koganti, Keneesha N. Williams, April A. Grant, Randi N. Smith, Jaime Benarroch-Gampel, Christopher J. Dente, Ravi R. Rajani, Samual R. Todd, Jason D. Sciarretta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traumatic injuries to the mesenteric vessels are rare and often lethal. Visceral vessels, such as the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and vein (SMV), supply blood to the small and large bowel by a rich system of collaterals. Because fewer than 100 such injuries have been described in the literature, they pose challenges in both diagnosis and management and can unfortunately result in high mortality rates. Prompt diagnosis, surgical intervention, and resuscitation can lead to improved outcomes. Here, we review the literature surrounding traumatic injuries of the SMA/SMV and discuss management strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalVascular and Endovascular Surgery
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • superior mesentery artery
  • superior mesentery vein
  • vascular trauma
  • visceral vessel injury

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