Surgical and Functional Outcomes of Targeted Muscle Reinnervation

Laura A. Miller, Kathy A. Stubblefield, Robert D. Lipschutz, Blair A. Lock, Jason M. Souza, Gregory A. Dumanian, Todd A. Kuiken

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) was initially performed as an experimental procedure designed to improve control of myoelectric prostheses for individuals with amputations at the shoulder disarticulation level and transhumeral level. Beginning in 2002, the first TMR procedures were performed at Northwestern Memorial Hospital (NMH) in Chicago, with prosthetic fitting, training, and extensive testing in a research setting at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC). The use of TMR as an experimental technique was subsequently expanded to include military amputees, through collaboration with San Antonio Military Medical Center (SAMMC) and Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (WRNMMC). TMR is now an established clinical procedure and, to date, has been performed in more than a dozen.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTargeted Muscle Reinnervation
Subtitle of host publicationA Neural Interface for Artificial Limbs
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781439860816
ISBN (Print)9781138198647
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


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