Surveillance mammography among female Department of Defense beneficiaries: A study by race and ethnicity

Lindsey Enewold*, Katherine A. McGlynn, Shelia H. Zahm, Ismail Jatoi, William F. Anderson, Abegail A. Gill, Craig D. Shriver, Kangmin Zhu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND Annual surveillance mammography is recommended after a diagnosis of breast cancer. Previous studies have suggested that surveillance mammography varies by demographics and initial tumor characteristics, which are related to an individual's access to health care. The Military Health System of the Department of Defense provides beneficiaries with equal access health care and thus offers an excellent opportunity to assess whether racial differences in surveillance mammography persist when access to care is equal. METHODS Among female beneficiaries with a history of breast cancer, logistic regression was used to assess racial/ethnic variations in the use of surveillance mammography during 3 periods of 12 months each, beginning 1 year after diagnosis adjusting for demographic, tumor, and health characteristics. RESULTS The rate of overall surveillance mammography decreased from 70% during the first year to 59% during the third year (P <.01). Although there was an overall tendency for surveillance mammography to be higher among minority women compared with non-Hispanic white women, after adjusting for covariates, the difference was found to be significant only during the first year among black women (odds ratio [OR], 1.46; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.10-1.95) and the second year among Asian/Pacific Islander (OR, 2.29; 95%CI, 1.52-3.44) and Hispanic (OR, 1.92; 95%CI, 1.17-3.18) women. When stratified by age at diagnosis and type of breast cancer surgery performed, significant racial differences tended to be observed among younger women (aged < 50 years) and only among women who had undergone mastectomies. CONCLUSIONS Minority women were equally or more likely than non-Hispanic white women to receive surveillance mammography within the Military Health System. The racial disparities in surveillance mammography reported in other studies were not observed in a system with equal access to health care. Cancer 2013;119:3531-3538. © 2013 American Cancer Society. Although minority women are often less likely than non-Hispanic white women to receive surveillance mammography, this finding was not observed within an equal access health care system. The racial disparities in surveillance mammography reported in other studies may be due to racial/ethnic variations in health care access.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3531-3538
Number of pages8
JournalCancer
Volume119
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • epidemiology
  • health care access
  • mammography
  • surveillance
  • survivor

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