Sutureless vascular reconstruction with titanium clips

A. Leppäniemi*, N. Rich, E. Pikoulis, P. Rhee, D. Burris, D. Wherry

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Attempts to find alternatives to sutured vascular reconstruction techniques has continued for decades and include various forms of rings, tubes, endoluminal stents as well as gluing or welding techniques of large vessel anastomoses. One recently introduced technique uses nonpenetrating titanium clips for everted vessel approximation and closure. Experimental work on their use in various types of large vessel repairs and reconstructions has shown that the clips are easily applied with a short learning curve, create good conditions for vessel wall healing without causing excessive inflammation or fibrosis, and are considerably faster to apply when compared to standard suture techniques. Although there are some clinical reports of defective clipped closures causing postoperative bleeding complications, they are rare and most probably related to technical errors in applying the clips. The main disadvantages of the clips include the limited experience of their applicability in atherosclerotic vessels, lack of long term follow-up and cost. Potentially, the clips could be useful in the repair of multiple vascular injuries, in vessel repair or ligation performed in confined spaces, and in vascular procedures requiring the shortest possible cross-clamping time. Future applications could include endoscopic procedures as well as the use of a one-shot device which simultaneously applies up to a dozen clips to symmetrically everted and approximated vessel edges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Angiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Suture techniques
  • Titanium
  • Vascular surgical procedures methods


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