Swine influenza A outbreak, Fort Dix, New Jersey, 1976

Joel C. Gaydos*, Franklin H. Top, Richard A. Hodder, Philip K. Russell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

In early 1976, the novel A/New Jersey/76 (Hsw1N1) influenza virus caused severe respiratory illness in 13 soldiers with 1 death at Fort Dix, New Jersey. Since A/New Jersey was similar to the 1918-1919 pandemic virus, rapid outbreak assessment and enhanced surveillance were initiated. A/New Jersey virus was detected only from January 19 to February 9 and did not spread beyond Fort Dix. A/Victoria/75 (H3N2) spread simultaneously, also caused illness, and persisted until March. Up to 230 soldiers were infected with the A/New Jersey virus. Rapid recognition of A/New Jersey, swift outbreak assessment, and enhanced surveillance resulted from excellent collaboration between Fort Dix, New Jersey Department of Health, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, and Center for Disease Control personnel. Despite efforts to define the events at Fort Dix, many questions remain unanswered, including the following: Where did A/New Jersey come from? Why did transmission stop?

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

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