Symptomatic Neuroma Development following en Bloc Resection of Skeletal and Soft-Tissue Tumors: A Retrospective Analysis of 331 Cases

Zohra V. Aslami, Christopher R. Leland, Sophia A. Strike, Jonathan A. Forsberg, Carol D. Morris, Adam S. Levin, Sami H. Tuffaha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Although symptomatic neuroma formation has been described in other patient populations, these data have not been studied in patients undergoing resection of musculoskeletal tumors. This study aimed to characterize the incidence and risk factors of symptomatic neuroma formation following en bloc resection in this population. Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed adults undergoing en bloc resections for musculoskeletal tumors at a high-volume sarcoma center from 2014 to 2019. The authors included en bloc resections for an oncologic indication and excluded non-en bloc resections, primary amputations, and patients with insufficient follow-up. Data are provided as descriptive statistics, and multivariable regression modeling was performed. Results: The authors included 231 patients undergoing 331 en bloc resections (female, 46%; mean age, 52 years). Nerve transection was documented in 87 resections (26%). There were 81 symptomatic neuromas (25%) meeting criteria of Tinel sign or pain on examination and neuropathy in the distribution of suspected nerve injury. Factors associated with symptomatic neuroma formation included age 18 to 39 [adjusted OR (aOR), 3.6; 95% CI, 1.5 to 8.4; P < 0.01] and 40 to 64 (aOR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.1 to 4.6; P = 0.04), multiple resections (aOR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.7 to 5.9; P < 0.001), preoperative neuromodulator requirement (aOR, 2.7; 95% CI, 1.2 to 6.0; P = 0.01), and resection of fascia or muscle (aOR, 0.5; 95% CI, 0.3 to 1.0; P = 0.045). Conclusion: The authors' results highlight the importance of adequate preoperative optimization of pain control and intraoperative prophylaxis for neuroma prevention following en bloc resection of tumors, particularly for younger patients with a recurrent tumor burden. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)873-883
Number of pages11
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume153
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024
Externally publishedYes

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