In July 2020, the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and US Department of Defense (DoD) approved a new joint clinical practice guideline for the non-surgical management of hip and knee osteoarthritis. This synopsis highlights some of the recommendations. In February 2019, the VA/DoD Evidence-Based Practice Work Group convened a joint VA/DoD guideline development effort that included clinical stakeholders and conformed to the National Academy of Medicine's tenets for trustworthy clinical practice guidelines. The guideline panel developed key questions, systematically searched (ie, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, MEDLINE PreMEDLINE, PubMed, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality website) and evaluated the literature, created a simple 1-page algorithm, and advanced 19 recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system. This synopsis summarizes key recommendations in all 6 topics covered in the guideline. These topics are diagnosis, self-management, physical therapy, pharmacotherapy, orthobiologics, and complementary and integrative health.