Systematic Literature Review of Health-Related Quality-of-Life Measures for Caregivers of Older Adult Trauma Patients

Krista Haines*, Stephanie T. Lumpkin, Braylee Grisel, Kavneet Kaur, Sarah Cantrell, Jennifer Freeman, Todd Tripoli, Scott Gallagher, Suresh Agarwal, Christopher E. Cox, Kenneth Schmader, Bryce B. Reeve

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: As the older adult population increases, hospitals treat more older adults with injuries. After leaving, these patients suffer from decreased mobility and independence, relying on care from others. Family members often assume this responsibility, mostly informally and unpaid. Caregivers of other older adult populations have increased stress and decreased caregiver-related quality of life (CRQoL). Validated CRQoL measures are essential to capture their unique experiences. Our objective was to review existing CRQoL measures and their validity in caregivers of older adult trauma patients. Methods: A professional librarian searched published literature from the inception of databases through August 12, 2022 in MEDLINE (via PubMed), Embase (via Elsevier), and CINAHL Complete (via EBSCO). We identified 1063 unique studies of CRQoL in caregivers for adults with injury and performed a systematic review following COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments guidelines for CRQoL measures. Results: From the 66 studies included, we identified 54 health-related quality-of-life measures and 60 domains capturing caregiver-centered concerns. The majority (83%) of measures included six or fewer CRQoL content domains. Six measures were used in caregivers of older adults with single-system injuries. There were no validated CRQoL measures among caregivers of older adult trauma patients with multisystem injuries. Conclusions: While many measures exist to assess healthcare-related quality of life, few, if any, adequately assess concerns among caregivers of older adult trauma patients. We found that CRQoL domains, including mental health, emotional health, social functioning, and relationships, are most commonly assessed among caregivers. Future measures should focus on reliability and validity in this specific population to guide interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - May 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Caregivers
  • Geriatrics
  • HRQoL
  • Older adults
  • Trauma


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