The challenge of stress incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse: revisiting biologic mesh materials

William D'Angelo, Jenna Dziki, Stephen F. Badylak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Purpose of reviewThe present article reviews the history of mesh-related complications and regulations in SUI and POP repair settings, clinical outcomes associated with the use of biologic and synthetic mesh materials, and novel approaches using modified mesh materials.Recent findingsTreatment of pelvic floor disorders, such as stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) commonly involves implantation of synthetic surgical mesh materials like polypropylene. Many synthetic mesh materials, however, are associated with a foreign body response upon implantation, which is characterized by fibrotic encapsulation. Complications, including erosion, infections, bleeding, and chronic pain, have led to warnings by regulatory agencies and the recall of several mesh products. To mitigate such complications, biologic mesh materials have been proposed as alternatives for SUI and POP repair.SummaryClinical outcomes of surgical repair of POP/SUI are similar between biologic and synthetic meshes, but biologic meshes have a lower incidence of adverse effects. Several strategies for modifying or functionalizing biological and synthetic meshes have shown promising results in preclinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-442
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Urology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019


  • biomaterials
  • extracellular matrix
  • pelvic organ prolapse
  • surgical mesh


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