The effect of soaking allograft in bisphosphonate: A pilot dose-response study

Thomas Jakobsen*, Jørgen Baas, Joan E. Bechtold, Brian Elmengaard, Kjeld Søballe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Background: Long-term survival of uncemented total joint replacements relies on osseointegration. With reduced bone stock impacted morselized allograft enhances early implant fixation but is subject to resorption. Purpose: We therefore asked whether soaking morselized allograft in different concentrations of bisphosphonate before impaction would enhance fixation. Methods: In each of 10 dogs, we implanted four unloaded titanium implants surrounded by a 2.5-mm gap into the proximal humerus, two implants in each humerus. The gap was filled with impacted morselized allograft soaked in saline or a low-, middle-, or high-dose bisphosphonate solution (0.005, 0.05, or 0.5 mg zoledronate/mL). At 4 weeks, the implants were evaluated by histomorphometric analysis and mechanical pushout test. Results: The low dose of zoledronate increased new bone formation in the allograft but the high dose decreased new bone formation. The high dose of zoledronate resulted in the greatest inhibition of allograft resorption, whereas the low dose of zoledronate resulted in the lowest inhibition of allograft resorption. Implants surrounded allograft soaked in the low dose of zoledronate or saline had better fixation for all three mechanical parameters compared with implants surrounded by allograft soaked in the middle or high dose of zoledronate. Conclusions: These data suggest bisphosphonate may enhance osseointegration of allografted implants and emphasize the need for preclinical testing of antiresorptive therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-874
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2010
Externally publishedYes


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