The effectiveness of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in the treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome: A meta-analysis

Scott E. Brietzke*, Daniel Gallagher

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

320 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Present and evaluate the currently available literature reporting on the effectiveness of adenotonsillectomy (T/A) in treating obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) in uncomplicated pediatric patients. Study design and setting: Systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of the reduction of the polysomnogram (PSG)-measured Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI events/hour) resulting from T/A and the overall success rate of T/A in normalizing PSG measurements (%). Results: Fourteen studies met the inclusion criteria. Mean sample size was 28. All were case series (level 4 evidence). The summary change in AHI was a reduction of 13.92 events per hour (random effects model 95% CI 10.05-17.79, P < 0.001) from T/A. The summary success rate of T/A in normalizing PSG was 82.9% (random effects model 95% CI 76.2%-89.5%, P < 0.001). Conclusion/significance: T/A is effective in the treatment of OSAHS. However, success rates are far below 100%, which could have far-reaching pediatric public health consequences. EBM rating: B-2a.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-984
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume134
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006
Externally publishedYes

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