The effects of cell type and culture condition on the procoagulant activity of human mesenchymal stromal cell-derived extracellular vesicles

Tiffani C. Chance*, Christopher R. Rathbone, Robin M. Kamucheka, Grantham C. Peltier, Andrew P. Cap, James A. Bynum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) have great potential as a cell-free therapy in wound healing applications. Because EV populations are not equivalent, rigorous characterization is needed before clinical use. Although there has been much focus on their RNA composition and regenerative capabilities, relatively less is known regarding the effects of MSC cell type (adipose tissue [Ad-MSCs] or bone marrow [BM-MSCs]) and culture condition (monolayer or spheroid) on MSC-EV performance, including characteristics related to their ability to promote coagulation, which could determine EV safety if administered intravenously. METHODS: The successful isolation of EVs derived from Ad-MSCs or BM-MSCs cultured in either monolayer or spheroid cultures was confirmed by NanoSight (particle size distribution) and Western blot (surface marker expression). Extracellular vesicle surface expression of procoagulant molecules (tissue factor and phosphatidylserine) was evaluated by flow cytometry. Extracellular vesicle thrombogenicity was tested using calibrated thrombogram, and clotting parameters were assessed using thromboelastography and a flow-based adhesion model simulating blood flow over a collagen-expressing surface. RESULTS: The MSC cell type and culture condition did not impact EV size distribution. Extracellular vesicles from all groups expressed phosphatidylserine and tissue factor on their surfaces were functionally thrombogenic and tended to increase clotting rates compared to the negative control of serum-free media without EVs. On average, EVs did not form significantly larger or stronger clots than the negative control, regardless of cell source or culture condition. Additionally, EVs interfered with platelet adhesion in an in vitro flow-based assay. CONCLUSION: Adipose-derived EVs were more thrombogenic and expressed higher amounts of phosphatidylserine. Our findings suggest that, like intact MSCs, source variability among EVs is an important factor when considering EVs for potential therapeutic purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S74-S82
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Issue number1S
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Coagulation
  • Exosomes
  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Mesenchymal stromal cells


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