The females have spoken: A patient-centered national survey on the administration of emergent transfusions with the potential for future fetal harm

Rindi Uhlich, Parker Hu*, Mark Yazer, Jan O. Jansen, Patricia Patrician, Marisa B. Marques, Lindy Reynolds, Matthew Fifolt, Shannon W. Stephens, Rondi B. Gelbard, Jeffrey Kerby, John B. Holcomb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND Traumatic hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable death. Early in the resuscitation, only RhD-positive red blood cells are likely to be available, which poses a small risk of causing harm to a future fetus if transfused to an RhD-negative females of childbearing age (CBA), that is, 15 to 49 years old. We sought to characterize how the population, in particular females of CBA, felt about emergency blood administration vis-a-vis potential future fetal harm. METHODS A national survey was performed using Facebook advertisements in three waves from January 2021 to January 2022. The advertisements directed users to the survey site with seven demographic questions and four questions on accepting transfusion with differing probabilities for future fetal harm (none/any/1:100/1:10,000). Acceptance of transfusion questions were scored on 3-point Likert scale (likely/neutral/unlikely). Only completed responses by females were analyzed. RESULTS Advertisements were viewed 16,600,430 times by 2,169,805 people with 15,396 advertisement clicks and 2,873 surveys initiated. Most (2,256 of 2,873 [79%]) were fully completed. Majority (2,049 of 2,256 [90%]) of respondents were female. Eighty percent of females (1,645 of 2,049) were of CBA. Most females responded "likely"or "neutral"when asked whether they would accept a lifesaving transfusion if the following risk of fetal harm were present: no risk (99%), any risk (83%), 1:100 risk (85%), and 1:10,000 risk (92%). There were no differences between females of CBA versus non-CBA with respect to the likelihood of accepting lifesaving transfusion with any potential for future fetal harm (p = 0.24). CONCLUSION This national survey suggests that most females would accept lifesaving transfusion even with the potential low risk of future fetal harm. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Prognostic and Epidemiological; Level IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-797
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hemorrhage
  • RhD
  • hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn
  • survey
  • transfusion

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