The Influence of Active, Passive, and Manual Therapy Interventions for Low Back Pain on Opioid Prescription and Health Care Utilization

Shawn Farrokhi*, Laura Bechard, Sara Gorczynski, Charity Patterson, Joseph Kakyomya, Brad D. Hendershot, Rachel Condon, L. T.C.Matthew Perkins, Daniel I. Rhon, Anthony Delitto, Michael Schneider, Christopher L. Dearth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. The aim of this study was to explore associations between the utilization of active, passive, and manual therapy interventions for low back pain (LBP) with 1-year escalation-of-care events, including opioid prescriptions, spinal injections, specialty care visits, and hospitalizations. Methods. This was a retrospective cohort study of 4827 patients identified via the Military Health System Data Repository who received physical therapist care for LBP in 4 outpatient clinics between January 1, 2015 and January 1, 2018. One-year escalation-of-care events were evaluated based on type of physical therapist interventions (ie, active, passive, or manual therapy) received using adjusted odds ratios. Results. Most patients (89.9%) received active interventions. Patients with 10% higher proportion of visits that included at least 1 passive intervention had a 3% to 6% higher likelihood of 1-year escalation-of-care events. Similarly, with 10% higher proportion of passive to active interventions used during the course of care, there was a 5% to 11% higher likelihood of 1-year escalation-of-care events. When compared to patients who received active interventions only, the likelihood of incurring 1-year escalation-of-care events was 50% to 220% higher for those who received mechanical traction and 2 or more different passive interventions, but lower by 50% for patients who received manual therapy. Conclusion. Greater use of passive interventions for LBP was associated with elevated odds of 1-year escalation-of-care events. In addition, the use of specific passive interventions such as mechanical traction in conjunction with active interventions resulted in suboptimal escalation-of-care events, while the use of manual therapy was associated with more favorable downstream health care outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberpzad173
JournalPhysical Therapy
Volume104
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electric Stimulation Therapy
  • Exercise
  • Hot/Cold Pack
  • Low Back Pain
  • Manual Therapy
  • Needle Therapy
  • Traction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Influence of Active, Passive, and Manual Therapy Interventions for Low Back Pain on Opioid Prescription and Health Care Utilization'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this