The occupational role of women in military service: Validation of occupation and prevalence of exposures in the Millennium Cohort Study

Tyler C. Smith*, Isabel G. Jacobson, Besa Smith, Tomoko I. Hooper, Margaret A.K. Ryan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

To better understand the US military's global peacekeeping and combat operations, which may expose a growing population of American servicewomen to challenging occupations and environments. Concordance between self-reported and electronic occupation codes for female participants in the Millennium Cohort was measured using kappa statistics. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to assess the odds of five self-reported potentially toxic environmental exposures or disturbing experiences among different occupational categories, while adjusting for demographic and military characteristics, including deployment. Self-reported occupations were moderately to highly reliable when compared with electronic occupation data. Active-duty and Reserve/Guard females differentially reported witnessing death or trauma and exposure to chemical or biological warfare, depleted uranium, or pesticides. Findings suggest that self-reported occupation can be used with a high degree of confidence. Occupational groups with higher odds of reporting military exposures of concern will be followed longitudinally through 2022 and prospectively compared using baseline and follow-up evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-284
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Health Research
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Depleted uranium
  • Military medicine
  • Military personnel
  • Occupational exposures
  • Veterans

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The occupational role of women in military service: Validation of occupation and prevalence of exposures in the Millennium Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this