Background: Little is known about the relationship between post-concussion impairments and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL). The primary purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between traditional concussion assessments and HRQoL in adolescent athletes post-concussion. The secondary purpose was to determine the association between HRQoL deficits and time lost. Methods: In total, 1134 athletes completed a baseline assessment battery. HRQoL measures included the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL), Multidimensional Fatigue Scale (MFS) and Headache Impact Test-6. In total, 122 athletes sustained a concussion and underwent follow-up testing at 3 and 10 days post-injury. Results: The strongest relationships were between symptom severity and HRQoL. For concurrent regression analyses at Day 3, PedsQL-Physical accounted for 17.9% of the variance in time lost beyond that accounted for by traditional measures. At Day 10, PedsQL-School accounted for 15.2% and symptom severity for 7.1% of this variance. In predictive analyses, at Day 3, PedsQL-Physical accounted for 3.9% and MFS-General for 3.3% of the variance in time lost beyond that accounted for by traditional measures. At Day 10, MFS-Cognitive accounted for 12.0% of this variance. Conclusions: HRQoL appears to play a role in time lost post-concussion and should be measured in combination with traditional concussion assessments.
- Brain injury
- patient-reported outcome measures