Tocopherol succinate: A promising radiation countermeasure

Vijay K. Singh*, Darren S. Brown, Tzu Cheg Kao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


Vitamin E is composed of a family of eight isomers known as tocols; consisting of four tocopherols and four tocotrienols that exist in four isomeric forms: alpha (α), beta (β), gamma (γ), and delta (δ). Earlier we have demonstrated the radioprotective efficacy of the succinate ester of α-tocopherol (α-tocopherol succinate, TS). CD2F1 mice were injected subcutaneously with 400 mg/kg of TS and irradiated with different doses of 60Co γ-radiation to determine its radioprotective efficacy. The dose reduction factor (DRF) for TS was also determined. We also investigated effects of TS on cytokine production by multiplex Luminex and message by quantitative RT-PCR. Peripheral blood cells were enumerated from irradiated (3 and 7 Gy) and non-irradiated mice. TS significantly protected mice against lethal doses of 60Co γ-radiation and the DRF was 1.28. TS stimulated granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) with a peak at 24 h after drug injection, and also stimulated G-CSF message as judged by RT-PCR in bone marrow cells at 12 and 24 h after injection. Further, pancytopenia studies revealed that TS significantly reduced thrombocytopenia, neutropenia, and monocytopenia. TS had no significant effect on lymphocytes indicating that it may be helpful only for the myeloid cell compartments. The stimulation of G-CSF by TS supports its effects on myeloid cell compartments. Our studies indicate that TS may be developed as a radioprotectant for humans against the potentially lethal effects of radiation exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1423-1430
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytokine γ-radiation
  • Luminex
  • Mice
  • RT-PCR
  • Radioprotection
  • Tocopherol succinate


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