Trauma systems in Asian countries: challenges and recommendations

Dinesh Bagaria, Amila S. Ratnayake*, Aireen Madrid, Tamara J. Worlton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Introduction: Trauma burden is one of the leading causes of young human life and economic loss in low- and middle-income countries. Improved emergency and trauma care systems may save up to 2 million lives in these countries. Method: This is a comprehensive expert opinion participated by 4 experts analyzing 6 Asian countries compiling the most pressing trauma care issues in Asia as well as goal directed solutions for uplifting of trauma care in these countries. Result: Lack of legislation, stable funding under a dedicated lead agency is a major deterrent to development and sustainment of trauma systems in most Asian countries. While advocating trauma, critical care as a specialty is a key event in the system establishment, Trauma specialized training is challenging in low resource settings and can be circumvented by regional cooperation in creating trauma specialized academic centers of excellence. Trauma quality improvement process is integral to the system maturity but acquisition and analysis of quality data through trauma specific registries is the least developed in the Asian setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number47
JournalCritical Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024
Externally publishedYes


  • Asia
  • Emergency care
  • LMIC
  • Trauma system development
  • Trauma systems


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