Traumatic brain injury in the United States: An epidemiologic overview

Carl R. Summers*, Brian Ivins, Karen A. Schwab

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

117 Scopus citations


A basic description of severity and frequency is needed for planning healthcare delivery for any disease process. In the case of traumatic brain injury, severity is typically categorized into mild, moderate, and severe with information from a combination of clinical observation and self-report methodologies. Recent US civilian epidemiological findings measuring the frequency of mortality and morbidity of traumatic brain injury are presented, including demographic and etiological breakdowns of the data. Falls, motor vehicle accidents, and being struck by objects are the major etiologies of traumatic brain injury. US civilian and Army hospitalization trends are discussed and compared. Features of traumatic brain injuries from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Epidemiology
  • Head injury
  • Traumatic brain injury


Dive into the research topics of 'Traumatic brain injury in the United States: An epidemiologic overview'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this