Obstructive sleep apnea is a common and treatable condition, but therapeutic adherence is limited by numerous factors. Despite advances in positive airway pressure (PAP) technology and a multitude of effective pharmacologic and behavioral therapeutic interventions to overcome the most common barriers to PAP, adherence has not increased significantly over the past 30 years. This review aims to identify the most important factors that impact adherence, common barriers to treatment, and evidence-based treatment strategies to maximize the effectiveness of PAP treatment. Complications of PAP treatment and mitigation techniques are also discussed.
- Motivational enhancement therapy
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Patient adherence
- Positive airway pressure