Treatment of suspected invasive fungal infection in war wounds

Carlos J. Rodriguez, David R. Tribble, Debra L. Malone, Clinton K. Murray, Elliot M. Jessie, Mansoor Khan, Royal Navy, Mark E. Fleming, Benjamin K. Potter, Wade T. Gordon, Stacy A. Shackelford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Invasive fungal wound infections (IFIs) were an unexpected complication associated with blast-related wounds during Operation Enduring Freedom. Between 2010 and 2012, IFI incidence rates were as high as 10-12% for patients injured during Operation Enduring Freedom and admitted to the intensive care unit at the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center. Independent risk factors for the development of IFIs include dismounted blast injuries, above knee amputations and massive (>20 units) packed red blood cell transfusions within 24 hours after injury. The Joint Trauma System developed a Clinical Practice Guideline on IFI prevention, identification and management. Aggressive and frequent surgical debridement remains the primary therapy accompanied by topical antifungal therapy (e.g., Dakins solution). Empiric systemic antifungal therapy with both liposomal amphotericin B and an intravenous broad-spectrum triazole (e.g., voriconazole or posaconazole) should be administered when there is strong suspicion of IFI based on the occurrence of recurrent wound necrosis following serial surgical debridements, since many cases involve multiple fungal species. Other recommendations include: (1) early tissue sampling for wound histopathology and fungal cultures, (2) early consultation with infectious disease specialists, and (3) coordination with surgical pathology and clinical microbiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-146
Number of pages5
JournalMilitary Medicine
StatePublished - 2018


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