Trends in Assault Mortalities Among Asian Americans, 2009-2018

Bradley Kawano, Suresh Agarwal, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Karthik Raghunathan, Krista L. Haines*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction: As of yet, few studies have described the prevalence or rates of assault mortalities involving Asian victims on a national level. This study aimed to describe yearly trends and regional differences in assault mortalities among Asians. Methods: This repeat cross-sectional study from 2009 to 2018 used data from the Mortality Multiple Cause-of-Death Public Use Record from the National Center for Health Statistics and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research. Total and proportion of assault mortalities involving Asians or Pacific Islanders were calculated by year. Total and rates (per 100,000 Asians or Pacific Islanders) of assault mortalities among Asians or Pacific Islanders were stratified by state and county classification where deaths occurred. Results: In 2009, 344 assault mortalities among Asians or Pacific Islanders accounted for 2.07% of assault-related deaths. In 2018, 366 assault mortalities among Asians or Pacific Islanders accounted for 1.96% of assault-related deaths. Furthermore, there were more assault mortalities from 2009 to 2018 among Asians or Pacific Islanders in California (n = 1116) and large central metropolitan counties (n = 1707). However, the highest rates of assault mortalities were in Alaska and Mississippi (7.1 and 6.8 per 100,000, respectively) and noncore nonmetropolitan counties (2.9 per 100,000). Conclusions: These findings emphasize the importance of studying and addressing violence toward Asians in rural regions and Southern states. Future studies should use these results as a baseline to analyze mortality data from 2019 to 2021, when available, to examine the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic's impact on assault mortalities among Asian.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Asian American
  • Assault
  • COVID-19
  • Discrimination
  • Racism


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