Tuberculosis and HIV infection in new inmates in Federal Bureau of Prisons facilities

Herbert T. Takashima*, David F. Cruess, Kevin R. McDonald, Subosh Duggirala, Joel C. Gaydos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A significant change in the manner in which medical data were managed in the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) occurred in calendar year 1992 (CY 92). Prior to CY 92, all BOP medical data were stored only as hard copy medical records. Beginning with CY 92, medical records data for all inmates have been transcribed to magnetic tape using the BOP SENTRY system. This study was an initial attempt to determine if this innovation would permit the development of meaningful infectious diseases data on BOP inmates. Our objective was to define the prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) skin test positivity, active TB, and HIV infection in new BOP inmates in CY 92 and to compare the new inmate population with the total BOP 1992 prisoner population. This initial study is important for two reasons: (1) the BOP SENTRY system for demographic and medical data was found to be a feasible tool for disease surveillance purposes; and (2) the 1992 new inmate population had much greater prevalences of purified protein derivative positivity, active TB, and HIV infection compared to the total BOP population. These findings may signal an increase in serious infectious diseases in BOP prisoners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-267
Number of pages3
JournalMilitary Medicine
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


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