Tuberculosis trends in the U.S. Armed Forces, active component, 1998-2012.

James D. Mancuso*, Christopher L. Aaron

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Members of the Armed Forces represent a segment of the U.S. population that may be at increased risk for tuberculosis (TB) infection, disease, and transmission due to overseas service in endemic areas and residence in congregate settings. The purpose of this study was to examine recent surveillance trends and risk factors associated with TB disease in the active component U.S. military. The rate of TB in the U.S. military -0.6 per 100,000 population (n=128) over the interval from 1998 to 2012 - was lower than the age-adjusted rate among the U.S. population (adjusted rate ratio=0.20) over the same time interval. During the last five years of the surveillance period, the most common factor associated with the diagnosis of TB disease during military service was latent infection at time of accession; also, as many as nine (24%) cases of TB were associated with deployment to Iraq or other military exposures. TB control activities should continue to mitigate unique military exposures such as crowding during recruit training and deployments to TB endemic areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-8
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Surveillance Monthly Report
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


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