Ultraviolet irradiation (UV) can induce keratinocyte apoptosis by activating death receptors that recruit the intracellular adaptor molecule FADD/MORT1 (Fas-associating death domain protein/mediator of receptor-induced toxicity). We hypothesized that UV could alter FADD expression levels to augment UV-induced keratinocyte apoptosis. In a dose-dependent manner UV B irradiation increased the expression of FADD protein in a human keratinocyte cell line (CCD-1106) with a corresponding increase in caspase-8 cleavage and cellular apoptosis. FADD overexpression induced cell death in 80% of cells compared with 10% spontaneous cell death in controls. Inhibition of FADD protein by adenoviral expression of anti-sense FADD reduced keratinocyte apoptosis. Regulation of FADD expression by UV may serve to enhance death receptor-mediated keratinocyte death.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 10 Jan 2003|
- Ultraviolet irradiation